Nursing History Timeline
(Data collected from many sources. All are listed at bottom of page.)
The founding of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Servants of the Sick Poor by Sts. Vincent de Paul and Louise de Marillac. The community would not remain in a convent, but would nurse the poor in their homes, “having no monastery but the homes of the sick, their cell a hired room, their chapel the parish church, their enclosure the streets of the city or wards of the hospital.”
The Augustine Order of Dieppe, France, establishes Canada’s first hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec.
Jeanne Mance establishes Montréal’s first Hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu. Mance is considered the founder of nursing in Canada
Jeanne Mance establishes North America’s first hospital, l’Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.
1654 and 1656 Sisters of Charity care for the wounded on the battlefields at Sedan and Arras in France.
Over 40 houses of the Sisters of Charity exist in France and several in other countries; the sick poor are helped in their own dwellings in 26 parishes in Paris.
The Paris Academy of Sciences officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.
Rabia Choraya, head nurse or matron in the Moroccan Army. She traveled with Braddock’s army during the French & Indian War. She was the highest-paid and most respected woman in the army.
The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.
James Derham, a slave from New Orleans, buys his freedom with money earned working as a nurse.
Nursing Society of Philadelphia.
Marie-Angélique Viger (Soeur Saint-Martin) takes responsibility for the pharmacy of Hôtel-Dieu de Québec. She soon establishes an outstanding reputation for herbal cures.
Four Sisters of Charity of Montréal (known as the Grey Nuns) begin an arduous 59-day journey by canoe and portage to the mission at St. Boniface Manitoba to provide medical, religious and educational services to the Métis and settlers.
Instructional school for nurses opened by NSP.
Crimean war in Turkey.
Nightingale appointed as the Superintendent of Nursing Staff. 1855 Nightingale Fund established.
The American Civil war, American Army nurses corps.
As the Civil War begins, North Carolina has neither hospitals nor trained nurses. Many Southern women volunteer their services as nurses due to the shocking number of casualties. Florence Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing, published in 1860, becomes the inspiration and only instruction manual for many.
Wilmington, which wasn’t captured until 1865, is one of the only remaining entry points for food and medicine into the South due to the Union blockade. Drugs had to be smuggled throughout the state. Southern nurses resort to homemade remedies: cucumbers or balsam for burns, jimson weed for fever, rose geranium for diarrhea, wild yam for scurvy, and blackberry root for dysentery. Prior to the War, the lives of most American women had been restricted to domestic duties. By the War’s end, women have established fifteen military hospitals in NC, and helped create the new career of professional nursing.
The Sisters of Charity of Providence reveal their pharmaceutical secrets in Traité élémentaire de matière médicale, the first book of its kind in Canada.
The Grey Nuns found St. Boniface Hospital in Winnipeg , the first in the region. Between 1891 and 1916, they go on to found missions providing medical services in the areas now known as Saskatchewan , Alberta and the Northwest Territories .
Formal training for nurses begins in the U.S. with schools in New York , Connecticut and Boston . By 1900, there are 432 nursing schools throughout the US.
The first training school for nurses in Canada opens in St. Catharines , Ontario . Professionally trained nurses are now needed to assist with new therapies and surgical techniques, and improved patient care. Graduates were required to wear nursing uniforms.
1876 St. Peter’s Hospital in Charlotte , the first civilian hospital in the state, begins seeing patients. The leading force behind its creation is Jane Wilkes, who had served in Charlotte’s Confederate hospitals during the Civil War.
NC’s state board of health is organized as part of the effort to cope with the typhoid epidemics sweeping the country.
Canadian civilian nurses serve in the Northwest Rebellion, caring for wounded soldiers in field hospitals in Saskatoon and Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.
Through the efforts of Jane Wilkes, the Good Samaritan Hospital opens in Charlotte . It is the first privately-funded, independent hospital in NC exclusively for the treatment of African-Americans.
1891 Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans.
The state’s first nursing school opens at Rex Hospital in Raleigh . Mary Lewis Wyche, a Vance County native and nursing graduate of Philadelphia General Hospital , started the school shortly after becoming head nurse at Rex. Watts Hospital School of Nursing opens in Durham in 1895, and is the oldest school of nursing still in operation in the state.
St. Agnes School of Nursing in Raleigh becomes the first professional nursing school for African-Americans in NC Additional schools of nursing for African-Americans open in 1902 at Charlotte ‘s Good Samaritan Hospital, and at Lincoln Hospital in Durham.
The Victorian Order of Nurses (VON) is established by the National Council of Women and its president, Lady Ishbel Gordon, Countess of Aberdeen and wife of the Governor General.
The newly formed American Nurses Association, the first women’s professional group in the U.S. , calls for laws establishing professional standards, the regulation of nurse training schools, and the registration of nurses.
Nursing school graduates are given their first opportunity for military service during the Spanish-American War. As a result, mortality in the army is less than in any previous war. Four VON nurses travel to Fort Selkirk in the Yukon to bring medical care to desperately ill prospectors in the Klondike .
Twelve Canadian nurses serve in the South African War, and are credited as lieutenants for pay and allowances.
All nursing education is in hospitals; American Journal of Nursing first published; International Council of Nursing founded. The Victorian Order of Nurses establishes outpost nursing stations in remote and rural areas of the country.
Congress authorizes Army Nurse Corps.
Mary Lewis Wyche organizes and becomes the first president of the NC Nurses Association, which frames a bill to provide for the registration of trained nurses. On March 3, 1903 , NC becomes the first state in the nation to pass a nurse registration law. New York and Virginia follow North Carolina later that year. By 1923, all 48 states have legislation regulating nursing.
Developing exams and issuing licenses is entrusted to the new Board of Nursing, composed of three registered nurses from the NC Nurses Association and two physicians from the NC Medical Society. Mary Lewis Wyche is one of the first nurses on the Board. Annie Lowe Rutherford of Fayetteville becomes the first African-American nurse to receive a license.
1903 Dr. George Crile reported the first successful use of external chest compressions in human resuscitation. 1904 The first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile.
The Canadian Army Medical Corps creates its own nursing service. Officer status has remained an important aspect of Canadian military nursing, with its own authority, responsibilities and privileges.
Annie Warburton Goodrich is president of the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses.
Hoke County opens the first public tuberculosis sanatorium in NC, where patients suffering from the disease stayed for months or years until they either recovered or died. The Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses is formed. It later becomes the Canadian Nurses Association, representing over 100,000 Registered Nurses in 11 provinces and territories.
By 1910, 70 nursing schools had opened in Canada from Montréal to Medicine Hat , Alberta .
The Guilford County Department of Public Health becomes the first full-time county health agency in NC and the second oldest in the country. Robeson County opens the first strictly rural health department in the country in 1912.
The National Organization for Public Health Nursing is established, with the legendary Lillian Wald of New York ‘s Henry Street Settlement as president and Lydia Holman a member of its first board of directors. Inspired by Holman’s work in Mitchell County , the organization convinces the American Red Cross to establish nursing services for rural areas nationwide. Between 1915 and 1935, the Red Cross supervises public health nurses in 52 of NC’s 100 counties. These nurses provide the only health care available to many North Carolinians for years.
Annie Warburton Goodrich is President of the International Council of Nurses.
Canadian nurses embark on their first major military undertaking. Some 3,140 nurses use their skills on a large scale to deal with the devastating injuries Canadian soldiers suffer as a result of high-powered artillery, machine guns and poison gas attacks.
A NC Board of Health survey of school children reveals shocking rates of tuberculosis, malaria, malnutrition, impaired vision and hearing, diseased throats and poor teeth. In 1919, the NC legislature appropriates funds for six full-time nurses to travel statewide to provide services for all students under the seventh grade, regardless of race. Within two years, the six nurses see 92,566 students and educate countless teachers and parents on health care issues. All six nurses remain in their jobs for over 18 years.
Annie Warburton Goodrich is President of the American Nurses’ Association.
NC passes a law establishing a training school inspector appointed by the NCNA. The next year, the NC League of Nursing Education is formed as a section of the NCNA. The next two decades see an increased interest in nursing education, with more carefully planned curricula, higher entrance requirements, and better classrooms and instructors. Hundreds of VON nurses from across Canada come to Halifax to assist the thousands wounded by the explosion in Halifax Harbour when a munitions ship collides with another vessel.
During the great influenza pandemic, which killed 30,000 Canadians, the VON sends out emergency calls to every one of its branches, which respond immediately. In Toronto , 16 nurses visit 900 patients in a single day.
Annie Warburton Goodrich is Organizing Dean of the Army School of Nursing while on leave from her position as Director of Nurses of the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service (1917-1923) and as Assistant Professor of Nursing and Health, Teachers College, Columbia University (1914-1923).
Rockefeller Foundation conference on preparing nurses for the field of public health. Rockefeller Foundation Committee for the Study of Public Health Nursing Education appointed in 1919. Renamed the Committee to Study Nursing Education in 1920. Committee members include Annie W. Goodrich, M. Adelaide Nutting, and Lillian D. Wald. Report of the Committee published in 1923 and is known as the Goldmark Report.
The University of British Columbia introduces a university degree program in nursing, the first of its kind in the British Empire .
Women win the right to vote. The Canadian Red Cross establishes outpost nursing stations. The Newfoundland Outport Nursing Committee is formed. This Committee was the brainchild of Lady Constance Harris, the wife of Newfoundland ‘s governor.
Congress passes the Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infant Protection Act, making funds available for visiting nurses, maternity centers, and clinics for infants and mothers. Sheppard-Towner has an enormous impact on public health nursing in NC By the end of the decade, there are 94 public health nurses employed by county health departments statewide.
Bertha Harmer authors The Principles and Practice of Nursing. Second and third editions published in 1928 and 1935. Virginia Henderson authored the fourth and fifth editions in 1939 and 1955 and co-authored the sixth and last edition in 1978. Nurses win the legal right to use the term “Registered Nurse.” The federal government sets up mobile nursing clinics to serve Aboriginal people in remote regions of the country.
Public health nurses in Vancouver receive credit for their contribution when the city achieves the lowest mortality rate of any North American city.
Yale’s first class starts in February, 1924. Admission requirements are the same as for Yale College . It is clear, however, that the School of Nursing is separate from Yale College as Yale College does not admit women.
Yale Corporation authorizes the Bachelor of Nursing (BN). Yale Corporation declares entrance requirement is two years of “approved college work” making YSN the first school of nursing with such advanced academic standing. The University of Montreal , in conjunction with the Marguerite d’Youville Institute (Grey Nuns), found the first francophone nursing degree program in the world.
Yale’s first class graduates. 50th and last class graduates from the Connecticut Training School . CTS was founded in 1873 as one of three American Nightingale Schools. Master of Science degree from Yale University ‘s Graduate School available for nurses who desire preparation in public health nursing, nursing education, and nursing administration. Psychiatric nursing experience added to the curriculum.
Yale School of Nursing faculty choose apricot as the color of velvet on the academic hood to represent nursing. This becomes the accepted color for the academic discipline of nursing throughout the world.
Yale University accepts $1 million endowment for the School of Nursing from the Rockefeller Foundation.
Carrie Early Broadfoot of Fayetteville organizes a professional association for African-American nurses. In 1948, the NCNA votes to open its membership to all registered nurses in NC, and the “Colored Nurses Association” votes itself out of existence.
NC adopts the Model County Midwife Regulations, requiring that all midwives receive instruction from doctors or nurses in order to receive a permit to practice. Public health nurses’ work with lay midwives contributes more than any other factor to lowering NC’s infant mortality rate.
The federal government opens the first nursing station for Aboriginal people, on the Fisher River Reserve in Northern Manitoba .
Quebec ‘s lay nurses become the first in the country to form unions.
Duke University Hospital begins a three-year nursing diploma program. Nursing students can get a baccalaureate degree with two additional years at Duke University .
Annie Warburton Goodrich authors The Social and Ethical Significance of Nursing.
Effie Jane Taylor is President of the National League for Nursing Education.
Yale’s admission requirement is now a bachelor’s degree. Yale Corporation authorizes the Master of Nursing Degree.
Univ. of PA creates Dept. of Nursing
UNC-CH establishes a Department of Public Health, the first training center in the South for public health workers. The department becomes the School of Public Health in 1939, the fourth such school in the nation and the first at a state university.
Yale’s first class graduates with Master of Nursing Degree.
Nearly 4,500 Canadian nurses with the Army, Navy and Air Force serve overseas, often in field medical units just behind the front lines.
During World War II, demand for nurses was acute, both in military service and at home. A 1941 issue of the NCNA’s Tar Heel Nurse magazine appeals to its members to encourage inactive nurses to take refresher courses, help recruit high school and college graduates to nursing schools, and join the military service or volunteer for civilian defense.
Ruth Hay, a national leader in public health nursing education, is appointed to establish the UNC Department of Public Health Nursing at the School of Public Health . Hay is the first female professor appointed to the University’s faculty. In 1946, the department institutes a cooperative program with NC Central in Durham , whose African-American students were denied admission to UNC. Under the leadership of Lincoln School of Nursing graduate Mary Mills, registered nurses can earn a public health certificate after one year of study at NC Central.
The U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps, a federally funded training program, is created. By 1945, over 1,000 nurses from NC are serving in the Armed Forces.
First of twenty-seven Cherry Ames books published. Story and character originated by Helen Wells.
At Yale Univ. 130 of 200 students in the School are members of the Cadet Nurse Corps. First African-Americans admitted and fully integrated into the living arrangements and social activities of the School.
During WWII, NC leads the nation in the rate of rejection of its draftees for medical reasons. In response, a commission recommends creating what would become the UNC Division of Health Affairs by expanding the medical school at Chapel Hill from two years to four, building a teaching hospital, and establishing schools of nursing and dentistry to join those of public health and pharmacy.
NC launches the Good Health Program. Promoted by NC native Kay Kyser, the most popular big band leader in America at the time, and endorsed strongly by the NCNA, the campaign includes a song by Kyser, Frank Sinatra and Dinah Shore called “It’s All Up To You.”
To address the critical, post-WWII nursing shortage, the NC Nursing Practice Act is amended to include regulations for licensed practical nurses, or LPNs, who work under the supervision of physicians or registered nurses to provide hands-on care for patients. 1947 The Grey Nuns write the groundbreaking Le soin des maladies for students in their university nursing program.
A national study called “Nursing for the Future” reinforces the growing feeling that professional nurses should be educated in nursing schools in colleges or universities rather than in hospitals.
Advanced Program in Psychiatric Nursing leading to a Master of Science degree in the Yale Graduate School available.
Due to the efforts of Elizabeth Scott Carrington, the UNC-CH School of Nursing opens as the first in the state and one of only three in the South to offer a four-year, baccalaureate degree. By 1955, there were baccalaureate nursing programs at Duke University , Winston-Salem State Teachers College , and NC A&T University in Greensboro . Canada experiences a shortage of nurses. As a result, nursing schools begin to recruit men and members of ethnic minorities. Hospitals begin to recruit married nurses to return to work, and trained nurses from the Caribbean , the Philippines and other countries. 1950-1951 Canadian Nursing Sisters serve in the Korean War. Between 1951 and 2004, Canadian Nursing Sisters also serve in Europe with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and in peacekeeping operations ranging from Egypt in 1956 to Haiti in 2004.
NC Memorial Hospital is completed. In 1953, it opens the nation’s first intensive care unit, requiring advanced preparation for nurses. Brigham Young University College of Nursing opens.
1953 Dorothy Sutherland of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare sent a proposal to President Eisenhower to proclaim a “Nurse Day” in October of the following year. The proclamation was never made. 1954 National Nurse Week was observed from October 11 – 16. The year of the observance marked the 100th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s mission to Crimea. Representative Frances P. Bolton sponsored the bill for a nurse week. Apparently, a bill for a National Nurse Week was introduced in the 1955 Congress, but no action was taken. Congress discontinued its practice of joint resolutions for national weeks of various kinds.
James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation.
Long Island Univ. in Brooklyn begins nursing program
1956 Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. 1957 The United States military adopted the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method to revive unresponsive victims.
Duke’s School of Nursing revolutionizes graduate nursing education by introducing the first clinical masters program in nursing in the country.
1960 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public. 1960
A group of resuscitation pioneers combined mouth-to-mouth breathing with chest compressions to create Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, the lifesaving action we now call “CPR.”
Dean Helen Miller of the NC Central School of Nursing establishes a program enabling African-American nurses to return to school to get their baccalaureate degree.
Margaret Dolan becomes the first North Carolinian to serve as president of the ANA. She also served as president of the American Public Health Association, the National Health Council, and the American Journal of Nursing Company.
Cardiologist Leonard Scherlis started the American Heart Association’s CPR
Committee, and the same year, the American Heart Association formally endorsed CPR.
A survey finds that NC still suffers a severe shortage of nurses with baccalaureate degrees. In 1966, Eloise “Patti” Lewis becomes founding dean of the UNC-Greensboro School of Nursing and establishes its four-year baccalaureate program.
Predicting severe shortages of nurses, the 1964 same survey recommends that schools of nursing be established in the state’s new system of community colleges, which was funded by the General Assembly in 1957. Today, 57 of NC’s 58 community colleges offer three-semester programs to prepare licensed practical nurses and/or five-semester associate degree programs to prepare registered nurses.
With the establishment of Medicare and Medicaid, access to health care is greatly expanded. Yet NC ranks 43rd in the number of physicians per citizen, and recruitment of primary care doctors to underserved areas is especially difficult. Some mountainous and eastern areas have only one sixth the number of such doctors as urban areas in the central Piedmont .
The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences convened an ad hoc conference on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The conference was the direct result of requests from the American National Red Cross and other agencies to establish standardized training and performance standards for CPR.
Dr. Lucy Conant, dean of the UNC School of Nursing, works with Med School Dean Isaac Taylor and Department of Public Health Nursing chair Margaret Dolan to develop one of the first nurse practitioner programs in the nation.
Audrey Booth, an assistant professor at the UNC-CH School of Nursing, becomes a leader in the NC Regional Medical Program, a statewide educational project that helps legitimize the nurse practitioner role statewide and provides funding for several training programs. Booth would later become chair of the NC Board of Nursing and associate dean of the UNC-CH School of nursing. (photo courtesy of UNC-CH School of Nursing; Booth is third from right). 1970s Nurses in all provinces begin to turn to collective bargaining to achieve their aims.
NC begins a network of Area Health Education Centers (AHECs), one of the nation’s first such programs. Today, AHEC offers nurses throughout NC access to RN to BSN and Masters in Nursing outreach programs, as well as a wide variety of continuing education opportunities through the state’s nursing schools.
Again a resolution was presented by the House of Representatives for the President to proclaim “National Registered Nurse Day.” It did not occur.
1972 Leonard Cobb held the world’s first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington called Medic 2. He helped train over 100,000 people the first two years of the programs.
Cynthia Freund works with AHEC to establish in Tarboro the state’s first nurse practitioner training program outside of Chapel Hill . Upon successful demonstration of the regional training program concept, Freund joins the UNC-CH faculty to set up a statewide consortium of nurse practitioner training programs.
In January of this year, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) proclaimed that May 12 would be “International Nurse Day.” (May 12 is the birthday of Florence Nightingale.) Since 1965, the ICN has celebrated “International Nurse Day.”
In February of this year, a week was designated by the White House as National Nurse Week, and President Nixon issued a proclamation.
NC passes hallmark legislation by licensing nurses to perform medical acts and prescribe medications. By 1976, there are 90 nurse practitioners in NC. Today, approximately 2,000 nurse practitioners practice in the state. The Aboriginal Nurses Association of Canada is founded.
New Jersey Governor Brendon Byrne declared May 6 as “Nurses Day.” Edward Scanlan, of Red Bank, N.J., took up the cause to perpetuate the recognition of nurses in his state. Mr. Scanlan had this date listed in Chase’s Calendar of Annual Events. He promoted the celebration on his own.
A major milestone in the self-regulation of nursing is achieved when NC becomes the only state in the nation to allow nurses to elect nurse members to the Board of Nursing rather than having them appointed by the Governor. Nine members are RNS, four are LPNs, and the Governor continues to appoint two members representing the public.
ANA, along with various nursing organizations, rallied to support a resolution initiated by nurses in New Mexico, through their Congressman, Manuel Lujan, to have May 6, 1982, established as “National Recognition Day for Nurses.”
A program to provide telephone instructions in CPR began in King County, Washington. The program used emergency dispatchers to give instant directions while the fire department and EMT personnel were en route to the scene. Dispatcher-assisted CPR is now standard care for dispatcher centers throughout the United States.
In February, the ANA Board of Directors formally acknowledged May 6, 1982 as “National Nurses Day.” The action affirmed a joint resolution of the United States Congress designating May 6 as “National Recognition Day for Nurses.”
President Ronald Reagan signed a proclamation on March 25, proclaiming “National Recognition Day for Nurses” to be May 6, 1982.
Certified Nurse Midwives receive recognition to practice in NC. Throughout the ’80s, the number of those practicing hovers around 40. In 1991, East Carolina University opens the first nurse midwifery educational program in the state, and nearly 200 certified nurse midwives are practicing within a decade.
Clara Adams-Ender, a 1961 graduate of the NC A&T School of Nursing, becomes a brigadier general and chief of the Army Nurse Corps, the second African-American and the second Tar Heel to be named chief. While managing 22,000 professional nurses worldwide, Adams-Ender implements a program enabling enlisted personnel to get a baccalaureate in nursing, which is necessary for a commission as a nurse officer in the Army Nurse Corps.
The UNC School of Nursing establishes a PhD program in Nursing as a badly needed resource in the state for faculty preparation and research. The state’s second doctoral program in nursing opens in 2002 at the East Carolina University School of Nursing.
This year inaugurates the Nursing Scholars Program which provides monies for students to attend community colleges, universities and hospital schools of nursing. Graduates can “pay back” their scholarships by working in NC hospitals. It is the most comprehensive scholarship program in the country.
The ANA Board of Directors expanded the recognition of nurses to a week-long celebration, declaring May 6 – 12, 1991, as National Nurses Week.
In response to a severe nursing shortage, the NCNA spearheads the creation of the NC Center for Nursing, the first state-funded agency in the nation dedicated to assuring adequate nursing resources for its citizens.
Legislation is passed to allow nurse practitioners, nurse midwives and psychiatric clinical nurse specialists to receive direct reimbursement from insurance companies. As a follow-up, in 1995, a Collaborative Practice Act is passed which allows advanced practice registered nurses to form corporations and become partners with physicians, psychologists and other health care workers.
The ANA Board of Directors designated May 6 – 12 as permanent dates to observe National Nurses Week in 1994 and in all subsequent years.
A nurses’ training program is created in the Northwest Territories to encourage northerners, many of them Aboriginal, to become nurses in their own communities.
Beverly Malone, former dean of the NC A&T University School of Nursing becomes the second North Carolinian to be elected President of the American Nurses Association. In 2000, she resigned this position and becomes the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health in the US Department of Health and Human Services.
The ANA initiated “National RN Recognition Day” on May 6, 1996, to honor the nation’s indispensable registered nurses for their tireless commitment 365 days a year. The ANA encourages its state and territorial nurses associations and other organizations to acknowledge May 6, 1996 as “National RN Recognition Day.”
A Robert Wood Johnson Foundation report documents that advanced practice nurses face a number of barriers in the South, including poor public awareness about their training and scope of practice; exclusion from lists of health providers maintained by managed care companies; and lower Medicaid reimbursement than that offered to physicians providing the same services. In addition, nurse practitioners and certified nurse-midwives face organized opposition from physicians to their practice.
The ANA Board of Directors, at the request of the National Student Nurses Association, designated May 8 as National Student Nurses Day.
The General Assembly passes legislation which requires that all health care providers have their credentials prominently displayed on their name badges. It also protects the title of “nurse” for the first time. NC becomes the sixth state to join in the multi-state compact which allows registered nurses and licensed practical nurses to practice in compact states. By 2002, eighteen states have signed on to the multi-state compact.
NC Baptist Hospital in Winston-Salem is named the first NC Magnet Hospital by the American Nurses Credentialing Center.
US Legislation is passed which allows advanced practice registered nurses to be listed on HMO provider panels.
There are 84 bachelor’s degree and nine doctoral nursing programs in Canada.
List of Sources for this Data
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